Category Archives: Investment

2018 Stock Market Returns of Lump Sum Buy-and-Forget Investment Strategy for The Last Five Years

This is a documentation about an on-going experiment that I started since November 2013.

In November 2013, I opened a separate HLeBroking (Hong Leong Investment Bank Berhad) trading account to do a lump sum (one time) investment in Bursa Malaysia. I chose buy-and-forget as the strategy for this experiment because it requires the minimal effort to maintain.

The portfolio contains 11 stocks from different industries for diversification purposes.

Among the stocks that I bought are from consumer products (APOLLO, DLADY, MAGNI, NESTLE), trading/services (BTECH, MARCO), properties (HUAYANG, UOADEV), finance (MBSB), industrial products (SKPRES) and REITs (TWRREIT) sectors.

The portfolio is skewed heavily towards companies in consumer products sector. This is the sector that is the most immune to negative market volatility.

The amount I had at the time was RM 35008 and was distributed about equally among all stocks (except BTECH which was bought with the remainder of the available sum).

I bought most of the above stocks during the period between November 2013 and January 2014. And I never touched the account since then.

From the date of the first stock purchase (on 20 November 2013) till now (8 September 2018), it has been roughly 4.8 years (1753 days to be exact).

So how is the performance of the buy-and-forget portfolio?

Below is the snapshot of the account as of 8 September 2018 (you can click on the image to get a closer look):

HLeBroking Trading Account as of 8 September 2018

HLeBroking Trading Account as of 8 September 2018

The current market value of the portfolio is RM 53799.86, an increase of 54.03 % from invested capital of RM 35008.

This translates to roughly 9.36 % CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate).

Here is the formula to calculate CAGR:

    \[ r = \sqrt[n]{\frac{F}{P}} - 1 \]

It is derived from this formula:

    \[ F = P*(1 + r)^{n} \]

Where:
F is the current market value,
P is the invested capital,
r is the rate of return or CAGR,
n is the number of years.

Things to take notes

Based on the screenshot above, we can see that some stocks have done poorly (e.g. HUAYANG -70.09 %, MBSB -54.89 %, TWRREIT -37.25 %) while some stocks have done extraordinarily well (e.g.: SKPRES +315.87 %, MAGNI +206.53 %, NESTLE +116.2 %).

This is consistent with the saying that there are ups and downs in the market, which is absolutely normal and expected. We should have the stomach to withstand the price drop of the companies in our portfolio.

However, even with the ups and downs in the market, the portfolio turns out fine with more than 50 % gain till date. This is due to the fact that the downside is limited but the upside is unlimited.

The most a stock can drop is to zero while there is no limit to how much a stock can grow.

The upside has more than covered for the downside which is the case here.

Another way to interpret the result is that there are more value being created in the market than the value being destroyed in the market. Human is a highly creative living being and there is no limit to how much value can be created. This means there is an infinite value waiting to be released in the market.

In a nutshell, stock market is a favourable game to play.

It gets even better because I haven’t taken into account the dividends paid by these stocks.

Dividends received

Here is the table that shows all the dividends received during these 4.8 years.

Dividend from HLeBroking

DateCompanyCodeTypePayment (RM)
09/01/2015APOLLO6432150
06/01/2016APOLLO6432150
09/01/2017APOLLO6432First and final180
09/01/2018APOLLO6432First and final150
23/06/2016BTECH0011Final6.3
28/09/2016BTECH0011Interim7.3
23/06/2017BTECH0011Final8
28/09/2017BTECH00118
22/06/2018BTECH0011Final8
20/05/2014DLADY3026110
26/12/2014DLADY3026Interim and special110
19/05/2015DLADY3026Interim and special110
18/12/2015DLADY3026Interim and special110
19/05/2016DLADY3026110
29/12/2016DLADY3026Interim & special110
21/04/2017DLADY3026110
31/05/2017DLADY3026Special60
27/12/2017DLADY3026110
25/05/2018DLADY3026110
07/04/2014HUAYANG506270
15/10/2014HUAYANG506298
12/03/2015HUAYANG506270
16/10/2015HUAYANG5062112
21/04/2016HUAYANG506270
17/04/2017HUAYANG506237.32
17/10/2017HUAYANG5062Final37.32
30/04/2014MAGNI708750
06/11/2014MAGNI708780
20/04/2015MAGNI708750
20/11/2015MAGNI7087100
26/01/2016MAGNI7087120
26/04/2016MAGNI708775
28/10/2016MAGNI7087150
13/01/2017MAGNI7087Second & special75
12/04/2017MAGNI7087Special and interim90
27/10/2017MAGNI7087Final and special157.5
12/01/2018MAGNI708767.5
12/04/2018MAGNI7087Interim and special105
28/02/2014MARCO3514Third interim159.2
15/07/2015MARCO3514First and final39.8
16/06/2016MARCO3514First & final139.3
30/06/2017MARCO3514First and final99.5
13/07/2018MARCO3514First and final99.5
05/06/2014MBSB1171Final90
28/05/2015MBSB1171Final and special216
16/06/2016MBSB1171Final54
22/06/2017MBSB1171Final54
03/08/2018MBSB1171Final90
05/06/2014NESTLE4707175
24/09/2014NESTLE470760
27/05/2015NESTLE4707175
10/09/2015NESTLE470765
02/12/2015NESTLE470765
02/06/2016NESTLE4707130
29/09/2016NESTLE470770
02/12/2016NESTLE4707Second interim70
08/06/2017NESTLE4707Final130
21/09/2017NESTLE470770
14/12/2017NESTLE470770
31/05/2018NESTLE4707Final135
27/10/2014SKPRES7155Final161.5
26/10/2015SKPRES7155Final186.2
27/09/2016SKPRES7155Final332.5
27/10/2017SKPRES7155Final394.25
28/02/2014TWRREIT511170.73
27/08/2014TWRREIT511148.26
27/02/2015TWRREIT511140.36
28/08/2015TWRREIT511140.32
29/02/2016TWRREIT5111Final47.28
14/09/2016TWRREIT5111Interim40.32
28/02/2017TWRREIT511147.1
06/09/2017TWRREIT511140.32
28/02/2018TWRREIT511135.39
30/08/2018TWRREIT511126.46
17/07/2014UOADEV5200195
14/07/2015UOADEV5200195
15/07/2016UOADEV5200225
14/07/2017UOADEV5200First and final225
23/07/2018UOADEV5200First and final225
Dividend received between 20 November 2013 and 8 September 2018

In total, I received RM 8164.53 in dividends from 79 payments throughout this period.

The dividends constitute about 23.32 % (8164.53/35008) of the invested capital. This means about 23.32 % of my capital has been returned to me during this period.

Dividends can further reduce the downside of stock investment since I will never lose all my invested capital.

The average dividend yield is about 4.86 % (8164.53/4.8/35008).

This means the investment is generating an average of RM 141.74 of dividend per month (8164.53/4.8/12).

Taking into account the dividends, the CAGR becomes 12.62 %, a very satisfactory return for me given the minimal effort from me.

Using the rule of 72, the capital will double in about 5.7 years (72/12.62). This is less than a year from now (5.7 – 4.8 = 0.9 year) where my portfolio would have a market value of RM 2 * 35008 (including dividends). However, this is not guaranteed. There is always uncertainty in the market.

Final thoughts

In order to run this experiment, I need to have money that I don’t need. Money, the less you need it now, the more you will have it later.

Let the good companies work for you. Let your money works for you.

Capitalism works. Human is inherently motivated to create value. It is worth to invest in the market.

Finally, ignore day-to-day market price fluctuation since it is not meaningful. Let good companies take care of themselves.

Disclaimer: Don’t follow blindly the portfolio above. Understand what you buy to reduce your risk.





2017 was indeed a Bullish Year in Hindsight

I made a post on a new blogging platform steemit. You can read the post here 2017 was indeed a bullish year in hindsight.

Steemit is a blogging and social networking website on top of the Steem blockchain database. The Steem blockchain produces Steem and Steem Dollars which are tradeable tokens users obtain for posting, discovering, and commenting on interesting content.

2017 The Market Capitalization of World’s Stock Markets

The data in this post is extracted from Pocket World in Figures 2018. It contains economic data that provides insights towards understanding the world better. Grab a copy if you are interested.

Here is a list of world largest stock markets ranked according to market capitalization.

MarketEnd 2015 ($bn)End 2016 ($bn)Diff (%)
NYSE177871957310.04%
Nasdaq - US728177796.84%
Japan Exchange Group489550623.41%
Shanghai SE45494104-9.78%
London SE Group38793496-9.87%
Shenzhen SE36393217-11.60%
Euronext330634935.66%
Hong Kong Exchanges318531930.25%
Deutsche Börse171617320.93%
TMX Group1592204228.27%
SIX Swiss Exchange15191415-6.85%
BSE India151615612.97%
National Stock Exchange of India148515343.30%
NASDAQ OMX Nordic Exchange12681260-0.63%
Korea Exchange123112824.14%
Australian Securities Exchange1187131710.95%
BME Spanish Exchanges787711-9.66%
Taiwan SE Corp.74586215.70%
Johannesburg SE73695930.30%
Singapore Exchange6406491.41%
BM&F BOVESPA49177457.64%
Saudi SE - Tadawul4214496.65%
Mexican Exchange402334-16.92%
Moscow Exchange39362258.27%
Bursa Malaysia383363-5.22%
Indonesia SE35343422.95%
Stock Exchange of Thailand34943725.21%
Tel-Aviv SE244215-11.89%
Philippine SE2392400.42%
Oslo Bors19423420.62%
Santiago SE19021211.58%
Borsa Istanbul189158-16.40%
Qatar SE1431558.39%
Warsaw SE1381412.17%
Irish SE128121-5.47%
Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange1121218.04%
Wiener Börse961015.21%
Tehran SE8910113.48%
Colombia SE8610319.77%
Dubai Financial Market84-NA
Total6766770556

Interesting observations

The total market cap for Taiwan Stock Exchange is USD 862 Billion (end of 2016) which is roughly equal to the market cap of Apple (APPL, USD 847 Billion as of 1st of September 2017).

The total market cap for Singapore Exchange is USD 649 Billion (end of 2016) which is roughly equal to the market cap of Alphabet (GOOGL, USD 659 Billion as of 1st of September 2017).

The total market cap for Bursa Malaysia is USD 363 Billion (end of 2016) which is roughly equal to the market cap of Johnson & Johnson (JNJ, USD 351 Billion as of 1st of September 2017).

Final thoughts

Imagine a whole country’s stock market value is represented by a single company. This is incredible but true.

Investing in a single country is similar to investing in a single company. For example, buying stocks in Bursa is like buying Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) stock.

The Bursa Malaysia ONLY represents about 0.51 % (363/70556=0.00514) of the total market capitalization of world top 40 largest stock markets. It is a small fish in a big ocean.